Author: Shaun A. McNiff
As the practice of Art Therapy has developed over the past thirty years, art has been introduced to the various modes of therapy — individual, group, milieu, and family. Although the pioneering work of art therapist Margaret
Naumburg in the 1930s and 1940s was psychoanalytically oriented, philosophical approaches to Art Therapy have paralleled the multiplicity of viewpoints in the general mental health field. Psychotherapists have introduced the arts into group therapy sessions because of their interest in providing alternatives to verbal communication.