Author: Richard D. Chessick M.D. Ph.D.
Kernberg maintains that higher levels of defenses are neglected by the Kleinians and that the distinction between the normal and the pathological in the infant is blurred. Klein’s terminology, he explains, hopelessly confuses mechanisms, structures, and fantasies. For example, what is an “internal object”? Also, there is in Klein little distinction between diagnoses or in the treatment of various types of adult pathology.