Author: Bertram P. Karon , Michael A. Teixeira
As early as the paper “On Psychotherapy,” Sigmund Freud (1905/ 1953) expressed the hope that psychoanalytic technique would be modified so as to make possible a psychoanalytic psychotherapy for the psychoses. Freud maintained this guarded hopefulness for the psychoanalytic therapy of the functional psychoses to the end of his life (Freud, 1940/1964). In Switzerland, at the Zurich University Clinic Burgholzli, Jung (1907/1960a) attempted inpidual psychotherapy with schizophrenic patients based on Freud’s psychoanalytic method and Bleuler’s (1911/1950) investigations into the psychology of schizophrenia. Bleuler observed that discharges at Burgholzli
had tripled since the introduction of Freudian understanding (Federn, 1943a).