Author: Alan S. Bellack, Michel Hersen
Series: Comprehensive Clinical Psychology
Behavioral observation is a commonplace practice in our daily lives. As social creatures and a informal scientists,o we rely upon observations of behavior to understand current social experiences and predict future social events. In fact, direct observation of behavior is one of the most important strategies we use to process our social world. Thus, it is not surprising that the field of psychology also is drawn to behavioral observation as a research method for understanding human behavior. The current chapter will focus upon behavioral observation as a formal research tool. In this context, behavioral observation involves the systematic observation of specific domains of behavior such that the resulting descriptions of behavior are replicable. In order to accomplish this task, the ongoing stream of behavior must be coded or broken down into recordable units, and the criteria for the assignment of labels or for making evaluations must be objectified. These practices of specifying units of behavior and objectifying coding criteria are the key steps in translating informal behavioral observations into formal, scientific observations. As will be seen below, the challenge of employing behavioral observation in research settings involves the myriad of decisions that an investigator must make in this translation process from informal to formal observation.
To get Research Methods Volume 3 Pdf click on the below link: